dNR is utilized for time-dependent, non-destructive investigations, allowing researchers to acquire real-time data and observe the inner workings of a system where components cannot be seen using other radiation modalities, such as x-rays.

When neutrons interact with matter, they provide an image of transmitted radiation called a neutron radiograph. In comparison to x-rays, neutron interactions are not dependent on the atomic number of the sample. In this way, neutron radiation is able to visualize objects in a complimentary way to x-ray radiation.