PI-MAX 4Research Stories

Reducing stray light with spatial modulation and imaging spectroscopy

Researchers from Lund University use periodic shadwing via a fiber probe to minimise stray light, one of the major challenges within laser probed combustion experiments…Find out more

Andreas Ehn
OSA Publishing

Understanding Soot Formation in Combustion Flames

Researchers from CORIA research institute in France are using gated optical techniques to understand the formation of soot particles in the combustion process. Soot has a significant environmental impact so it is important to understand the soot formation process…Find out more

Frederic Griesch
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute

Ultrafast Diagnostics of Electric Discharges in Plasmas

Researchers from Toulouse use simplified models to understand the discharge processes in plasmas. By performing measurements on plasmas created by pulsed electron beams, the team are able to characterize the physical properties of the plasma…Find out more

M. Yousfi
Journal of Applied Physics

Ultrafast Nanosecond Imaging of Non-Thermal Plasmas with Multiple emICCD Cameras

Researchers from Kumamoto University in Japan are studying streamer discharge, where voltage difference is applied across an insulating gas or air. The researchers characterized these using four PI-MAX4 emICCDs to image generated streamers on the nanosecond timescale. This allowed them to characterize their size as well as propagation distance and velocity……Find out more

T. Namihira
IEEE Pulsed Power & Plasma Science (PPPS)

Portable System for Fusion Prototype Characterization

Researchers from Oak Ridge National Labs created a portable plasma measurements sytem using an IsoPlane SCT 320 and PI-MAX 4 to remotely investigate fusion prototypes. Plasma properties are extremely useful for determining whether a plasma has the right conditions for fusion……Find out more

Theodore Biewer
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Imaging Diffusion Clouds of Charges in Perovskites

Researchers from the Brown University used a PI-MAX4 emICCD to understand the intrinsic properties of perovskites for solar cell applications. This aids towards improving design, engineering and fabrication of perovskite-based devices…Find out more

Rashid Zia
ACS Photonics

Oxygen Biosensing Using FLIM and ICCDs

Researchers from Fudan University used a PI-MAX4 emICCD to monitor oxygen content within cells to measure cell metabolism. By using fluorescent (or phosphorescent) lifetime imaging, the group is able to give new insights into cellular function…Find out more

Xu-dong Wang
Analytical Chemistry

High-Sensitivity Imaging of Time-Domain Near-Infrared Light Transducer

Researchers from Fudan University used a PI-MAX4 emICCD to separate fluorescent probe emissions through the use of temporal shift between excitation and emission. This requires sensitive gating provided by the PI-MAX4…Find out more

Fuyou Li
Nature Photonics

Raman Spectroscopy and Pyrometry in Shock-Wave-Compressed Toluene

Researchers from the Department of Energy used pyrometry and Raman spectroscopy simultaneously to compare measured temperatures of shock-wave-compressed toluene. This is essential to validate pyrometry as a temperature diagnostic in dynamic experiments…Find out more

Journal of Applied Physics

Using Thomson Scattering to Measure the Electron Properties of Pulsed Helium APNPJs

Researchers from the Frank Reidy Research center have been studying short duration pulsed helium atmospheric-pressure nanosecond pulsed jets (APNPJs) using Thomson scatttering. By using optical emission spectroscopy, they are able to measure the electron properties of the jets…Find out more

Chunqi Jang
Plasma Source Science and Technology

Dynamics of Laser-Metal Interactions in Additive Manufacturing Alloys

Deep understanding of light material interactions must be achieved to further optimize and advance laser based manufacturing processes. Researchers at the Dynamic Compression Sector at the Argonne National Lab are using x-ray radiation to further understand this interaction…Find out more

Dynamic Compression Sector, APS
Materials Today Advances

Soot Formation During Combustion

Soot is an unwanted by product of the combustion process, so researchers from Germany are investigating how it forms by using intensified cameras to obtain accurate time resolution alongside removal of bright flame background…Find out more

Heinz Pitsch
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute

Femtosecond Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy for Melanoma Detection

Femtosecond LIBS has been used by researchers at Gwangju Institute to investigate skin cancer. The speed and resolution of fs-LIBS allows for high resolution, precise maps around the tumor border…Find out more

Sungho Jeong
Journal of Biomedical Optics

Time Resolved Imaging of Plasmas From Different Electrode Structures

Researchers from Jiatong University have used ICCD cameras to acquire fast time resolved images of plasmas created from different electrode structures. This allowed them to characterize different plasma producing electrodes for life sciences…Find out more

Michael Kong
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science

Photoluminescence Spectroscopy to Characterize Microstructured Silica Fibers

A team from Lyon University are creating novel optical devices based on silica materials. They are using photoluminescence spectroscopy to characterize these materials and how doping with different elements changes emission…Find out more

Prof. Ouerdane
Optical Materials

Characterizing Methane/Air Combustion Flames Mixed With Water

Researchers and collaborators from UC Irvine have been using PLIF to understand the effects of having water mixed with combustion flames. By measuring OH radicals they are able to characterize the flame reaction zone…Find out more

Rose Padilla
Combustion and Flame

Flame Interaction Within a Vortex

Researchers from Princeton University are measuring how flames interact with a vortex to model turbulence. Their aim is to understand and develop new techniques to advance cleaner combustion…Find out more

Yiguang Ju
Proceedings of the Combustion Institute

Maximizing the Luminescent Lifetime of Gas Jets

Luminescence occurs in plasmas when they are generated by intense laser pulses which have gone through a gas. Researchers from Jilin University are trying to identify processes that maximize the luminescent lifetime via ICCD cameras…Find out more

Mingxing Jin
Optics Communications

Cherenkov Emission From Patients During Radiation Therapy

Researchers from Dartmouth College have used ICCD cameras to image Cherenkov light from the bodies of patient’s during radiation therapy. This improves patient comfort as it can be done within a lit environment…Find out more

Brian Pogue
Physics in Medicine and Biology

Chemiluminescence Imaging for Characterizing Combustion Reactions

Characterization of combustion using chemiluminescence gives information about how fuel is burned. Researchers from Yonsei University are using ICCD cameras to acquire information about OH and CH radicals through the use of short gating to aid in this characterization…Find out more

Woongsup Yoon
Acta Astronautica

Cherenkov Light to Detect Molecular Sensors

Cherenkov light can be produced from x-ray radiation. Researchers from Dartmouth College use this light to excite molecular sensors within a patient phantom to detect any excited luminescence…Find out more

Brian Pogue
Journal of Biomedical Optics

Characterization of Local Temperature and Molecular Concentration of Burning Jets

Researchers from Kutateladze Institute of Thermophysics used an ICCD camera to measure the Raman scattering of burning jets. This allowed them to determine local temperature and molecular concetration…Find out more

Vladimir Dulin
Technical Physics Letters

Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Scattering with ICCD Cameras

CARS spectroscopy was used by researchers from Japan to simultaneously detect the entire spectral region of fundamental vibration modes. They used an ICCD camera with InGaAs intensifier to measure CARS signal with a 1064 nm laser…Find out more

Hideaki Kano
Chemistry Letters

Optimizing HiPIMS for Thin Film Deposition

Researchers from Ruhr-Universität Bochum are optimizing a new technique, via high speed imaging, for thin film deposition which utilizes plasmas…Find out more

Achim von Keudell
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics

Stand-Off Raman Spectroscopy for Planetary Science

Raman spectroscopy is a technique that can be used over large distances to identify different materials. Researchers from the University of Hawaii have developed a new stand-off detection Raman spectrometer as a new method of analysis…Find out more

Shiv Sharma
Applied Spectroscopy